participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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A questionnaire comprising 12 questions was sent by email to the key-informant.
SNUC – Leis de Crimes Ambientais by Elder Santos on Prezi
This lack of regulation that ignores the importance of discussing the location of this category – which is predominantly composed of private ldi – in a sort of intersection between the full protection and sustainable use groups, generates often-insurmountable obstacles to the management process.
Thus, it would be applied to a context in which it would not be possible to protect the entire system, but only a key aspect of the process. One can infer certain “lack of knowledge” in these readings.
In this context, Brazil, which has one of the greatest biodiversity rates on the planet, appears as strategic target of the Biodiversity Convention developments. April 04, ; Accepted: The authors highlight that no one paid attention to the interests enuc traditional communities at any time during the period of developmental actions by the military governmentespecially in the second half of the s. Although the SNUC elaboration process took a decade to be developed, the RVS category definition, specifically, has undergone drafting changes that distanced it from the allegedly followed model the American Wildlife Refuges.
The concept of people as users evolved into that of managers.
The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits. Innovations for conservation and development. By making a more accurate and strict analysis, one can assume that the only human activities that could be allowed within full protection CUs would be non-productive in terms of production of goods, such as tourism, education or research.
On the other hand, Feldmann’s clean bill stated that “the private properties held in the Wildlife Refuges may breed domestic animals compatible with the unit’s purposes, according to its Management Plan” SOUZA,Annex A. In addition, production restrictions should be thoroughly explained to the affected population.
This last definition was kept in the SNUC publication. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa.
The greening of thought drives the time horizon expansion necessary for the understanding the environmental issue requires. Since the ‘s, the focus fell on the industrial pollution control, and it was especially influenced by the United Nations Conference on Environment, held inin Stockholm UN, However, its differential – and source of dissension – lies on the possibility of co-existence between the private properties, which are allowed to make indirect use of natural resources, and the full protection of the covered environment.
Souza even suggests the category extinction or its displacement to the group of sustainable use conservation units. Brown states that, in the s, a new scientific reference about the social function of protected areas became internationally consolidated due to ethnobiology and to projects that consider ecosystems to be dynamic. Also according to Medeirosthe Republican Constitution attributes to natural resources the status of national heritage to be preserved, and it definitely includes the management of protected areas in the Brazilian political agenda.
This lack of debate and regulation may also be seen in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management. It is just a matter of time.
On the other hand, the documentary research focused on investigating llei, minutes of meetings and public hearings, standards and relevant legislation leii order to reconstruct the history of the Brazilian Conservation Units’ creation and management, especially that of the RVS category. However, these initiatives were inspired by international experiences, especially those of the United States and Europe. This exception was kept in SNUC publication, and the cultivation of compatible plants was also added to it change made by Gabeira’s clean bill.
In the same study, Irving cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garayp. The current study is especially interested in the concept of substantive rationality, which emerges from Weber’s frank criticism to hegemonic rationalities.
The management of conservation units is not on the agenda, and it probably never was. The national conservation unit system and the wildlife refuge category As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates. Salvador, ano VI, n. According to the author, the different CU types were born from multiple factors, namely: By analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals.
It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inand the second one, in All other RVS have areas li 15, andhectares. According to the bill and to Feldmann’s clean bill, protection referred to the “conditions for the existence and reproduction of species or communities”. Revista de Direito e Liberdade.
Historical background of the brazilian conservation unit category Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units. Wnuc managers responded between May and August This shift has important consequences, which we will discussed later.
These rationalities would be those that coexist with the instrumental rationalities without necessarily submitting to them.
Factsheet: SNUC | S2BIOM
Snu opinion is in accordance with the original inspiration mentioned in the current study. The current study consists of an exploratory research that sought to deepen the knowledge about the RVS by investigating the possible sources of the category within the context of 99885 National Protected Areas System Law.
Thus, the category concept used to create Wildlife Refuges at federal level distanced itself from the goals or aspirations related to its origin in the SNUC process development.
These uses are still very unclear – since there is no regulation to the category – but it does not mean that they are not viable.