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The voltage spikes are present because of the fast switching action of the output switch, and the parasitic inductance of the output filter capacitor, To minimize these voltage spikes, special low inductance capacitors can be datasheet, and their lead lengths must be kept short.
A suitable input bypass capacitor must be present at this pin to minimize voltage transients and to supply the switching currents needed by the regulator. Stresses greater than those listed under Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device.
Self protection features include a two stage frequency reducing current limit for the output switch and an over temperature shutdown for complete protection under fault conditions.
If open core inductors are used, special care must be taken as to the location and positioning of this type of inductor. Large areas of copper provide the best transfer of heat lower thermal resistance to the surrounding air, and moving air lowers the thermal resistance even further. Physically locate both resistors near the IC, and route the wiring away form the inductor especially an open core type of inductor.
Requiring a minimum number of external components, these regulators are simple to use and include internal frequency compensation, and a fixed-frequency oscillator. This data was taken with the circuit operating as a buck switching regulator with all components mounted on a PC board to simulate the junction temperature under actual operating conditions.
Wiring inductance, stray capacitance, as well as the scope probe used to evaluate these transients, all contribute to the amplitude of these spikes. The device is available in an adjustable or fixed output version. The TD TO package junction temperature rise above ambient temperature with a 3A load for various input and output voltages.
The size of the heatsink depends on the input voltage, the output voltage, the load current and the ambient temperature. Additional copper area improves the thermal characteristicsbut datasheeet copper areas greater than approximately 6 in 2only small improvements in heat dissipation are im5821.
Pulling this pin below a threshold voltage of approximately 1. It is capable of driving a 3A load with excellent line and load regulation. The output ripple voltage is due mainly to the inductor sawtooth ripple current multiplied by the ESR of the output capacitor.
Output Saturation Characteristics Figure 7. Quiescent Current datawheet Temperature Figure 9. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation is not implied. An additional small LC filter can be added to the output as shown in Figure 14 to further reduce the amount of output ripple and transients.
This curve can be used for a quick check for the approximate junction temperature for various conditions, but be aware that dataxheet are many factors that can affect the junction temperature.
The TO surface mount package tab is designed to be soldered to the copper on a printed circuit board. Symbol Parameter Conditions Min. These temperature rise numbers are all approximate and there are many factors that can affect these temperatures.
The copper and the board are the heat sink for this package and the other heat producing components, such as the catch diode and inductor. Exposure to absolute maximum jn5821 conditions for extended periods may affect reliability.
For best results, external components should be located as close to the switcher IC as possible using ground plane construction or single point grounding. Higher ambient temperatures require more heat sinking.
Once exception to this is the output switch pin, which should not have large areas of copper. As in any switching regulator, layout is very important. To minimize coupling to sensitive circuitry, the PC board copper area connected to this pin should be kept a minimum.
The TD junction temperature rises above ambient temperature for a 3A load and different input and output voltages.
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Typical Performance Characteristics Figure 4. Feedback Senses the regulated output voltage to complete the feedback loop. Rapidly switching currents associated with wiring inductance can generate voltage transients which can cause problems.